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Ando: Our Approach to Reducing Emissions
As mentioned in Ando: An Introduction, our overarching objective is to us reduce enough emissions to limit global average temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To achieve this objective, we aim to transform the banking industry by introducing transparency and funding green assets exclusively with our customer deposits.
Our aim is to support bank loans (and the securities they purchase) that reduce emissions at the source, and which sequester emissions in the atmosphere. Our approach to what is funded and what is not is evolving. It’s based on information provided by the IPCC, the EU Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance, and the hundreds of institutions (and thousands of scientists and economists) that share information on how emissions are produced and the various ways in which we can reduce them. We welcome feedback from everyone so that we can continue to make improvements.
Our approach is also based on utilizing the existing banking system. For example, banks must follow regulations, and they must make sure the loans they make and securities they purchase meet liquidity needs, risk, return and other banking requirements.
Source of Emissions
Emissions come from four main sectors - transport, buildings, industry and agriculture –that utilize different equipment and devices that are powered by different sources of fuel. The infographic below depicts how different emissions get produced.
Ando’s 3 Main Strategies to Reduce Emissions
Ando’s approach to reducing emissions is based on the approach laid out in the European Union Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance Taxonomy Technical report (“Taxonomy Report”). The report lays out 8 different “economic activities” that contribute substantially to reducing emissions. We have included them in Appendix A.
These eight different activities can be summarized into three initiatives. First, to shift more energy sourced to renewables (wind, solar, etc.). Second, to make investments in the four main sectors to either reduce energy consumption, support the utilization of renewable power, or reduce emissions. The third initiative is to support the sequestration of emissions which are already in the atmosphere.
#1 Shift to Renewable Energy
Renewable energy is growing, but this growth has so far been too low to offset the growth in fossil energy consumption.
Our goal is to accelerate the investment in a variety of different renewable energy sources from wind, solar, hydro, and geothermal. It also includes storing renewable energy and investments necessary to deliver the energy through the grid. Below is a graph that represents how different energy sources can displace current energy sources.
#2 Support Emission Reductions in Buildings, Industry, Transportation and Agriculture
Global fossil CO2 emissions by sector are dominated by electricity, heat & energy (45%), industry (23%), and national transport (19%). International aviation and marine bunkers are 3.5% and remaining sectors 10%.
Our goal is to accelerate investment into buildings, construction, devices, equipment and systems that either reduce energy consumption or support the transition to renewable energy. This includes supporting loans and securities whose proceeds are used to lower electricity or heating requirements for commercial and residential buildings. It includes supporting loans and securities whose proceeds are used to accelerate the electrification of transport. It includes loans and securities that make industry more efficient and use less energy.
Agriculture, forestry and other land use account for approximately 25% of all GHG emissions. The chart below shows the different ways in which emissions are generated.
Our goal is to accelerate the transition into more sustainable agriculture and forestry practices which reduce GHG emissions.
#3 Support carbon sequestration.
Decreasing the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at the source are the focus of initiatives #1 and #2. Initiative #3 is about removing GHG which have been previously generated and have now accumulated in the atmosphere.
Our goal is to support loans and securities which are utilized to remove GHG from the atmosphere. These are often referred to as negative emission technologies and include air carbon capture, soil carbon sequestration, afforestation, and reforestation.
Guiding Principles of Allocating Deposits to Reduce Emissions
Our methodology for selecting where to allocate customer deposits within the three categories identified above is driven by the following guiding principles.
“We have a learner’s mindset at Ando. We will review our strategies and guiding principles, making adjustments to enable us to more effectively realize our overarching objective.”
#1. Review new information and best practices on a quarterly basis, and adjust strategies and guiding principles as needed. We have a learner’s mindset at Ando. Our strategies and guiding principles are based on information and best practices that exist today. These underlying drivers will change over time. We will review our strategies and guiding principles, making adjustments to enable us to more effectively realize our overarching objective.
#2. Think globally, act locally. We are combatting an issue which is in every community across the planet. One of our goals is to transform the banking industry, globally by enabling people to act locally. The more people who join Ando locally, the greater probability we have of affecting banking globally.
#3. Partner with banks. There are about 10,000 banks and credit unions in the U.S. that generate more than $1 trillion in loans annually. We allocate our customers’ deposits to banks that make green loans or buy green bonds. We support banks that wish to grow their green loan and bond portfolios. This partnership enables capital to be both accumulated and deployed quickly across the U.S.
#4. Be transparent. Transparency empowers citizens to compare the impact of their money so they can make informed decisions about where they wish to bank. It also enables people to provide feedback so we can have dialogue with our customers.
#5. 100% Green. We want every available dollar going to make loans and purchase securities that reduce emissions. Our pledge to our customers is to utilize their deposits exclusively to make green loans or purchase green bonds that measurably reduce emissions.
#6. Reduce and transform. Green loans vary in terms of their impact on reducing emissions. We will prioritize loans and securities based on two primary determining factors--loans and securities with the highest direct emission reductions, and those with the ability to transform a sector. The transition to a net-zero emissions economy requires transitioning from high to low-emitting activities. To achieve this, it is necessary to support the funding of very low carbon and net-zero activities, while at the same time funding emission reductions in other activities across different sectors.
The EU Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance published a Taxonomy Technical Report in June 2019 that, among other things, defined eight economic activities that substantially reduce emissions. The following are excerpts from the Taxonomy Report.
“An economic activity shall be considered to contribute substantially to climate change mitigation where that activity substantially contributes to the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level which prevents dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system by avoiding or reducing greenhouse gas emissions or enhancing greenhouse gas removals through any of the following means, including through process or product innovation:
a) generating, storing or using renewable energy or climate-neutral energy (including carbon-neutral energy), including through using innovative technology with a potential for significant future savings or through necessary reinforcement of the grid;
b) improving energy efficiency;
c) increasing clean or climate-neutral mobility;
d) switching to use of renewable materials;
e) increasing carbon capture and storage use;
f) phasing out anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases, including from fossil fuels;
g) establishing energy infrastructure required for enabling decarbonization of energy systems;
h) producing clean and efficient fuels from renewable or carbon-neutral sources.”
The Taxonomy Report also describes how it is important to fund activities that enable a transition to a net-zero economy.
“The transition to a net-zero emissions economy requires a shift from high emitting activities or modes of production to low emitting activities or modes of production. To achieve this, it is necessary to incentivize the growth of zero carbon and sequestration activities.
1) Activities that are already low carbon (i.e. activities associated with sequestration or very low and zero emissions). These activities require capital to increase their development and wider deployment. The technical screening criteria for these activities are likely to be stable and long-term. These are ‘green’ activities.
2) Activities that contribute to a transition to a net-zero emissions economy in 2050 but are not currently close to a net-zero carbon emissions level. These activities are critical to the economy but must significantly enhance their performance beyond the industry average, without lock-in to carbon intensive assets or processes. The technical screening criteria for these activities will be subject to regular revision, approaching zero over time. These are ‘greening of’ activities.
3) Activities that enable low carbon performance or enable substantial emissions reductions. These are ‘greening by’ activities.”
The Taxonomy Report also identifies activities that can substantially reduce emissions, broken out by sector. We incorporate these activities in Ando’s approach.
JP McNeill | Chief Executive Officer
JP McNeill is the founder and CEO of Ando, the leader in Sustainable Banking, where 100% of customer deposits are invested in green initiatives. Environmental advocacy isn’t fashion or a lifestyle for JP--it’s at the soul of his life’s work.
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